Designing for the Challenges of Sustainable Agriculture
Fruit tree and olive culture are dynamic agricultural activities subjected to constant challenges, change and improvement. Innovation through research has been one of the priorities of our organization on which the future depends. The implementation of advanced biotechnological methods in the nursery sector has allowed our company to guarantee a high quality product, adapted to compete favorably in a global market.
Our global presence has permitted our researchers to adapt and obtain products that fulfill the needs of specific agro-climatic regions and markets. Agromillora has recently established a new research center, fully equipped with laboratories, greenhouse facilities, microplots and field test plots.
Current Research Projects
- The exploitation of olive genetic potential by genome analysis and molecular based breeding.
- Field performance evaluation of low vigor olive cultivars for “high density” production systems. This project is being developed jointly with the University of Cordoba and the IRTA. This project will be implemented simultaneously in France, Spain, Argentina, Chile and the USA.
- Olive breeding program oriented towards obtaining new cultivars adapted to intensive production. Plant material is selected for the following traits:
- a) Low size and vigor adapted to mechanical harvest
- b) Earliness; c) High yield; d) Even maturation period
- e) Favorable fruit characters (color, shape, size, firmness)
- f) Cold tolerance
- g) Adaptation to different soil type
- h) Strong root development
- i) Efficiency in the use of water
- j) Drought resistance
- k) Crop and oil yield
- l) Chemical analysis and composition of oil
- m) Organoleptic traits
- n) Disease resistance to pathogenic fungi and bacteria (Verticilium dalihae, Spilocaea oleagina, Pseudomonas savastanoi ).
- Olive microrooting trials.
- Elaboration of biological substrates for improving growth and health of micropropagated plants.
- Quality control system for Prunus using ELISA, molecular probes and PCR based methods for the detection of viruses, viroids and phytoplasmas.
- Use of molecular markers (SSR, RFLP, and RAPD), for cultivar differentiation and detection of desired traits for their possible use in selection (Marker Assisted Selection).
- Plant production improvement by micropropagation (in vitro), micrografting, and embryo culture.
- Breeding and selection program oriented towards creating new peach and nectarine varieties, mainly adapted to low and medium chill requirements. Emphasis is made on hard flesh (non melting), yellow, with improved taste and broad agronomic adaptation.
- Breeding and selection program oriented towards creating new Prunus rootstocks. Emphasis is made in obtaining cultivars that have multiple resistance to soilborne pests and diseases, and that would also be tolerant to abiotic stress conditions that limit production, such as drought, salinity and calcareous soils.
- Use of beneficial organisms, mainly Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR’s) and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) in nursery production systems.