Denomination and Synonymy
The Arbequina receives this denomination due to its area of origin, probably close to the town of Arbeca (Lleida, Spain). The Arbequí, Arbequín and Blancal denominations are also found in the zone. The Arbequina AS-1 is a selection of the ARBEQUINA variety which is very productive and totally adapted to the super-intensive system.o.
It is the most important variety in Catalonia, where it occupies more than 140,000 hectares. It has also spread to the rest of Spain, especially in Andalusia. It is the variety of reference in the new super-intensive plantations and for this reason, it has been planted in many other countries besides Spain: France, USA, Chile, Portugal, Italy, Tunisia, Morocco, Australia, Argentina and more.
Agronomic and Commercial Benefits
- Low vitality
- Open canopy
- Average-high crown density
- Considered to be self-fertile
- Early entry into production
- High and constant productivity
- Fat content is high and the quality of its oil is excellent, although not very stable
- High rooting capacity
Resistance, Tolerance and Susceptibility
- Olive Knot: Susceptible
- Leaf Spot: Moderately tolerant
- Verticillium: Susceptible
- Limitations: Iron chlorosis in very calcareous soils
- Other: Resistant to cold
- Leaf: Small, short and average width, elliptical-spear shape
- Fruit: Black when ripe. Small with a symmetric spherical shape. The apex is round and there is no stalk. The maximum transversal section is circular and slightly placed to the base. Average pulp/pit ratio.
- Pit: Oval-shaped and symmetric. Rough surface with seven to ten fibrovascular grooves grouped together at the suture. The base and apex are round. The latter has mucron. The maximum transversal section is circular and centered.