Denomination and Synonymy
Chiquitita is a new olive variety for high density orchards developed by researchers collaborating on an olive breeding program since 1991 at Cordoba University and the Institute Andaluz de Investigación y Formación Agraria (IFAPA). Chiquitita originated from the hybridization of ‘Picual’ (female parental) and ‘Arbequina’ (male parental), the two most common varieties in the Spanish olive groves.
The variety has been protected in the European Union, Chile, Argentina, Mexico, United States (with the denomination ‘Chiquitita’), South Africa, Australia, Tunis, Morocco and Turkey.
Agronomic and Commercial Benefits
- Very low vigor
- Compact canopy
- Weeping shape that makes its canopy volume about 60-70% compared to Arbequinas
These characteristics make Chiquitita suitable for high density configurations where the number of trees reach 907 olive trees/ha. Due to its very low vigor, planting spaces of 4′ x 12″can be used.
It has an early entry in production and high productivity, good oil extractability yield. Its oil expresses excellent organoleptic characteristics and is characterized by being fruity and sweet with bitterness and piquant quite balanced.
Resistance, Tolerance and Susceptibility
- Olive Knot: Study in progress
- Leaf Spot: Moderately tolerant
- Verticillium: Study in progress
- Other: Tolerant to cold
- Tree: Low vigor. Weeping shape. Dense canopy
- Leaf: Elliptical-lanceolate shape, short and narrow
- Fruit: Ovoidal and symmetrical shape, without tip, middle weight, black color when in full ripening
- Pit: Elliptical and symmetrical shape, with tip